The established annual congress International Forum Mechatronics and European marketplace for networking the mechatronics scene takes place annually alternately in Germany, Switzerland, Austria and South Tyrol. The 13th International Forum Mechatronics took place on the 24th and 25th of September in Cham, Upper Palatinate.

In cooperation with the European region Donau-Moldau and the Mechatronics Cluster, the participants were offered numerous lectures by recognized experts under the motto “Future of Production: Digital – Networked – Global”. There was plenty of space for the networking of established companies with the mechatronic start-up scene, and the opportunity for technological presentation and expert discussion for business and science.

Especially for start-ups, the International Forum Mechatronics was an ideal platform to exchange experiences and show developments. Ten founders from Bavaria and the Czech Republic presented their business ideas in a start-up competition. More than 60 participants have already arranged talks with potential discussion partners prior to the event. In order to further advance digitization, it is important to bring together innovative start-up companies with established companies and investors. The EDM B2B exchange was a perfect networking opportunity at the International Forum Mechatronics.
The next International Mechatronics Forum will take place in Upper Austria in 2020.

Further information can be found at

Read more at source

“The mechatronic industry has an urgent need for girls”. These are the words of Daniele Vacchi, director of the Its Maker foundation, founded in 2013 by the union of the three ITS of Bologna, Modena and Reggio Emilia, to which was added Fornovo di Taro, in the province of Parma, Forlì and by October Rimini.

“Only two girls per class.” Its Maker’s mission is to train skilled labour, offering professional courses to new graduates to become experts in mechanics, mechatronics, motor engineering and packaging.

Vacchi points out that most of the students enrolled in the courses mentioned above are men. The average is less than two female students per class, 4% of the total.

“We need a cultural revolution from the top: it is time for the sector to welcome more women, who are very well prepared but who, too often, even with the same or superior potential, are relegated to traditional or subordinate roles. An income and career opportunity injustice that must be overcome “.

Vacchi then appeals to newly graduated girls: «Subscribe to our courses. Convince your families and, after two years, you won’t even have to look for a job because it will be the job to find you “.

«The industry has changed, working in mechanics is no longer a labour of fatigue: forget the old factory where you get dirty with grease, the mechanics got married with electronics and became mechatronics, a job of care and team that evolves continuously “.

Thanks to its Makers courses, 82% of students have a job since graduation. Frontal lessons held by professors from the world of industry, 800 hours of training in the company in two years: in short, as Vacchi says, “you dive into a truly stimulating environment”.

«Emilia Romagna has the highest concentration in the world of mechatronic companies. We are trained to train 250 professionals every year, but the region’s supply chain would require over 2000. That’s why we would need other training courses like ours. “

Moreover, raise with a joke: “This is also why we need girls: the males are almost finisherd!”

read more at  source

The “Visione Industria” initiative, now in its second year, is aimed at operators who deal with the organization, management and analysis of production processes, machine manufacturers, quality managers, logistics and maintenance managers, but also at researchers, students and enthusiasts of the subject.

The 2019 edition is dedicated to industrial vision systems and aims to reconstruct its history, provide documentation material and offer training support.

The initiative, started with the support of prestigious companies in the sector and with the help of a qualified Scientific Committee, has a website – -, periodically updated with technological and market developments and goes on with a series of meetings in Italian universities.

Seven meetings have already been activated in the Universities of Pavia, Parma, Brescia, Modena, Ancona, Bologna and Bari, with an average attendance of 60/80 students, to spread the technology of industrial vision by connecting University and industry.

The activity takes place under the patronage of ANIE Automazione, AIS, ISA Italy Section, Italian Machine Vision Group, Italian Association of Automation and Mechatronics.

The next meeting will take place Tuesday, October 22nd at the University of Pavia, where students of the Computer Vision course will meet computer scientists, mathematics and other engineers; while Tuesday, November 12th at the La Sapienza University of Rome the themes of the industrial vision will be of interest to students of the two master’s degrees in Artificial Intelligence & Robotics and Control Engineering.

read more at source

“The construction of the Integrated Technology Training Center (Cinfotec) of the province of Huambo (Angola) will start in January 2020”. These are the words of the technical support unit for the implementation of the project in the city of Huambo, released on September 19th.

Manuel Pimentel, who was speaking at the end of a meeting between the provincial governor, Joana Lina, with the Secretary of State for Labor and Social Security, Manuel de Jesus Moreira, wanted to emphasize that behind the realization of this work there is a donation from the Chinese government of 28 million dollars.

Three Chinese technical teams have recently carried out several inspections to verify the necessary conditions for the project to be carried out and completed within the established times. A project spokesman stated that construction work on the integrated technology training centre (the third in the country after the two built in Luanda), will last two years and the approved budget includes training for teachers who will work there.

The structure will host 28 laboratories and many study rooms where students will be able to follow the six seminars planned in Mechanics and production, Information technology, Meteorology, Electromedicine, Electricity and Mechatronics.

read more at MACAUHUB

EPFL scientists are developing new approaches for improved control of robotic hands — in particular for amputees — that combines individual finger control and automation for improved grasping and manipulation. This interdisciplinary proof-of-concept between neuroengineering and robotics was successfully tested on three amputees and seven healthy subjects. The results are published in today’s issue of Nature Machine Intelligence.

The technology merges two concepts from two different fields. Implementing them both together had never been done before for robotic hand control, and contributes to the emerging field of shared control in neuroprosthetics.

One concept, from neuroengineering, involves deciphering intended finger movement from muscular activity on the amputee’s stump for individual finger control of the prosthetic hand which has never before been done. The other, from robotics, allows the robotic hand to help take hold of objects and maintain contact with them for robust grasping.

“When you hold an object in your hand, and it starts to slip, you only have a couple of milliseconds to react,” explains Aude Billard who leads EPFL’s Learning Algorithms and Systems Laboratory. “The robotic hand has the ability to react within 400 milliseconds. Equipped with pressure sensors all along the fingers, it can react and stabilize the object before the brain can actually perceive that the object is slipping. “

read more at source

A team of mechatronics engineering students from the University of Chandigarh (India) has developed an IoT-based medical care system that allows those who professionally assist a patient to understand their needs better.

The device is mainly indicated for patients with physical disabilities, older adults and those who have severe medical conditions, as they have a fragile state of health and often resort to gestures to satisfy their needs.

Team member Mayank Verma said: “The idea came when we visited a hospital where I saw a paralytic patient who could not talk asking for water, and there was no one to take care of him.”

How the device works

The system is based on a series of receptors that can be connected to the patient’s hand. Whenever the patient needs assistance, moving his hand sends a notification to his assistant, who can help him perform certain activities such as taking medicines, eating, going to the toilet, and others.

The device contains an IoT card, gesture sensors, power circuits, Wi-Fi modules, an LCD screen with a speaker and can also be connected to online voice systems such as Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa.

Vivek Chauhan, another member of the team, said: “One of the main tasks of the assistance system is to continue to monitor all the factors a patient might need to be treated and the number of times requested, storing essential statistics such as heart rate, BP level, blood glucose monitoring and others. “.

Lalit Yadav, his colleague and team member also added: “Another feature of the system is that it is integrated with an automatic water supply system in which water is slowly dripped into the patient’s mouth as soon as he receives the command”.

The team is working on a solution to reduce costs and make their device more accessible to anyone

read more source

A growing suite of digital tools is emerging to better manage the changes done by humans around the world. Technology, as well as automation and robotics, is changing the way humans assess the environmental impact of different projects such as construction or industrial for instance. The need to protect and to seek more sustainable formulas and solutions for interacting with the environment became clear during the COP24 (United Nations Climate Change Conference) taking place in Katowice, Poland in 2018.

Using robots to protect the environment Another way where automation makes sense is the aerospace industry. Addressing the issues of the climate changes and environmental protections, pilotless vehicles, more commonly known as drones, can be used not only in the military but also used as inspection robots.

For certain endangered species, IoT systems are the real rescue. Using sensor-based devices and autonomous drones there are systems which build predictive anti-poaching solutions. Data analytics is making it possible to predict poachers’ habits and deploy deterrent measures before the poachers are able to kill endangered animals. Predictive analytics works by tracking the behaviors of other prey animals in habitats. Scientists can monitor how those animals move and use sudden shifts in behavior to identify the presence of poachers. Those researchers then can proactively work to stop poachers.

There are a lot of companies which are leaders in environmental protection. The global market is growing fast and according to the independent consulting companies’ forecasts, it will still grow as there is a strong expectation from developing countries to achieve a high development level. What is more, both industrial growth and human awareness of environmental protection are factors which create an even stronger demand for clean technologies. Using renewable energy sources is one of the most competitively popular ways to protect the environment in many markets.

read more (source)

A new type of underwater robot has completed sea trials in Monterey Bay, California. Developed by the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), and partners, the Mesobot is a semi-autonomous robotic submersible designed to study the marine twilight zone of the mesopelagic region.

The mesopelagic zone is sort of the middle ground of the ocean. Located between 200 and 1,000 m (660 to 3,300 ft) in depth, it’s a region where only one percent of the ambient light reaches down. There isn’t enough light to support photosynthesis, but it’s still home to a surprising variety of life, including bristlemouths, blobfish, bioluminescent jellyfish, and giant squid.

It’s also an area of great scientific, commercial, environmental, and military interest because it’s through here that the “diurnal vertical migration” takes place. Called the greatest migration on Earth, it occurs twice a day as planktonic animals ascend into what little daylight there is, and then descend again in the evening.

This affects everything from feeding patterns of swordfish, tuna and other large animals, to carbon capture and anti-submarine warfare, but very little is known first-hand about what happens in the mesopelagic, so Mesobot has been under development since 2017 with the help of Stanford University, and the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley.

Read the rest of article: NEW ATLAS source

Green Mechatronics among the ten most sought-after professions within 2023

Information technology will undoubtedly play an important role, but the response to unemployment in the coming years will come from the “green and sustainable” economy, that is “those occupations in the sectors of agriculture, manufacturing, research and development, administration and services that contribute incisively to preserve or restore environmental quality”- as defined by the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program).

Specializing in the green professions can, therefore, be a winning choice, primarily since green jobs are characterized by higher stability of contracts, with 46% of permanent contracts against 24% for the other figures.

For example, among the ten green professions most sought after by Italian companies of the future, there will be the “Mechatronics green”, since mechanics and electricians will all have to become “mechatronics” by 2023, to be able to carry out repair work. Mechatronics combines electronics, mechanics and information technology to make engines more efficient, even in terms of energy.


Few months ago, the United Nations has raised an alarm: 65% of boys and girls who enter primary school today will find for themselves jobs that do not even exist now or that are not imaginable. But those jobs will almost certainly have a lot to do with the scientific, mathematical or technological fields. In this context, the female under-representation in the scientific and technical disciplines, which will be indispensable for the new jobs and professions of the future, sounds even more alarming. According to UNESCO data, only 30% of female university students chose STEM subjects and less than one researcher out of three, worldwide, is a woman. In practice, only three girls out of a hundred would be familiar with computational thinking, computers, programming and related fields.

A manager of a software company, interviewed on the subject, said she had the «perception that both in high school and at university the value of a scientific oriented discipline is not adequately communicated … I believe that scientific disciplines need to be better disseminated, precisely, I repeat, starting from the school».

The MIUR initiatives in favour of STEM

It must be said that in recent years the MIUR – Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research – launched a series of initiatives within the framework of the latest reform structure of the school, and in support of the promotion of equal opportunities aimed also at countering gender stereotypes. One of the efforts resulting from this activity was precisely “The Month of the STEMs“, created last year by General Directorate for Students, Integration and Participation in collaboration with the Prime Minister Department of Equal Opportunities, with the aim of promoting the STEM disciplines in all schools of each order and grade.

The Ministry is fully aware of the role of the school system, and, in general, of the education and training system: «one of the stereotypes existing within the training system is that of a presumed poor attitude of female students towards scientific disciplines, which leads to a gap of genre in these areas both within the course of study and the choices of orientation first and then professional», is written in the presentation of the project.



The age of automation and artificial intelligence will undoubtedly change the world of work, erasing some professional figures, forcing others to retrain and creating new jobs.

For women, this can be another challenge that adds to those already long-established.

According to research conducted in six mature economies (Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States) and four emerging economies (China, India, Mexico and South Africa), in terms of jobs lost due to innovation technology, women may be only slightly less at risk than men. An average of 20% of women is estimated for 2030 compared to 21% for men.

Some occupations are more automatable than others, part of which are usually performed by women. For example, women predominate in many occupations with a high potential for automation due to routine cognitive work.

It is also true that with automation, labour demand will tend to increase with the growth of economies. Women could be in a better position to seize these opportunities due to the areas in which they tend to work. By 2030, women could get 20% more jobs than current levels.

In all ten economies analysed, 42% of jobs earned (64 million jobs) could go to women.

In mature economies, the increase in jobs should mostly concern the professional/scientific and technical services sector and the health care sector (women well represent the latter).

In emerging economies, on the other hand, employment growth should concern a broader range of sectors, including production, housing and food services (with a robust female connotation).

Another important phenomenon to be considered with a sense of responsibility is retraining. Automation will ask women who remain in their current role to change the way they work and, more in general, their working life.

Women’s working life could change in three ways:

1) they could spend more time managing people, leaving routine physical and cognitive tasks to machines;

2) could develop new skills in the time that is now left free by automation;

3) could work flexibly. The advent of these new and more flexible ways of working is particularly useful for women, who increasingly need to combine work and home and family management.

Yes, women will probably need a higher level of education and different skills to be able to retrain and aim for more productive and more profitable employment. Unequal gender salaries are a feature of both mature and emerging economies. Research suggests that, by 2030, automation could lead to a slight decrease in salary inequality and greater gender equality in the workforce.

To do this, however, it is essential to develop:

1) the skills that will be required. The private sector has to invest more in training and retraining its employees within their organizations or in partnership with academic and other institutions. Frequently, mid-career workers will have to upgrade or develop new skills. The public sector has to create qualifying training courses that are always in step with new trends;

2) the necessary flexibility and mobility: the mobility and flexibility of the system serve to meet the needs of an evolving labour market. Women are less mobile and flexible because they are more and more committed to caring for the home and family. The technological change should help make women’s working lives more flexible, for example, by allowing teleworking.

3) access and knowledge of the technology needed to work with automated systems, including participation in its creation: globally, women represent only 35% of STEM students in higher education and tend to study natural sciences more than the applied sciences related to information and communication technologies (ICT). Women are significantly under-represented in technology jobs: less than 20 per cent of technology workers are women in many mature economies. It is essential for women to participate in the creation of technology, not only because various gender teams have significant advantages. Also, because their contribution can help change the gender prejudice embedded in artificial intelligence algorithms. We must also do more to address the funding gap faced by women entrepreneurs, as a signal to encourage women to create technology and work in new ways.

In conclusion, the age of automation can represent an excellent opportunity for women to relaunch powerfully in the emerging labour market, balance salary and employment disparities and actively contribute to the epochal changes that technology can produce. However, for doing this, the society has to structure itself to accompany them in a process that leads them to acquire new skills, to retrain themselves, and to support them in the cohabitation of the two working and personal souls.

Read the entire research clicking here.

Alberto Soldan, a student at ITIS (National Technology Institute) Galileo in Conegliano (Treviso), won the national mechatronic competition for the 2019 .
The annual competition, established by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, was aimed at involving all the technical institutes of Italy to verify their abilities, skills and knowledge.
The Galileo Institute will involve local authorities and entrepreneurs in order to promote the values of technical and professional education throughout the Conegliano territory.


Mechatronics is now the central manufacturing sector for the transition to the new production methods driven by Industry 4.0. Large companies know this well, but also SMEs engaged in the search for a greater number of professionals related to the ongoing transformation of the production chain.

The point, however, is that these resources are often not found. Between now and 2023 Unioncamere estimates an employment requirement for companies in the “mechatronic-robotic” supply chain that varies between 83,000 and 96,000 units. The repair and maintenance sector will also express, in the same period, a request for important personnel: between 19,000and 23,000 positions. The electrical and electronic industries will also open the doors to 2-6 thousand new workers. Considering, however, the current levels of technical education, it is already known that many of these selections will find no results due to the absence of the right candidate (the estimate at national level is 33% – that is, one out of three).

Why is that? The mechanical field is in second place among the most popular degrees. Yet, it is a paradox, the difficulty of finding graduates in the mechanical-mechatronic field is increasing: from 2017 to 2018 it has gone from 35% to 42%. And this make us think on how the next school year, 2019-2020, of all those enrolled in technical institutes in the technology sector, only 15% chose the mechanical/mechatronic path. In absolute numbers, we are talking about 17,000 students. Nothing compared to the employment needs expressed by the sector.

“The most requested figures from a 4.0 point of view”, says Federico Visentin, vice-president of Federmeccanica with responsibility for education, “are technicians for automation and mechatronic systems; technicians for the management and maintenance and use of industrial robots; industrial plant designers and operators for programming numerical control machines”. This shortcoming depends not only on an insufficient quantitative offer, but also on inadequate levels of preparation, due to deficiencies in the training system.

“We are doing our part – adds Visentin -. The national network of mechatronic technical institutes will soon take off. The aim is to exchange good practices in aligning the training needs of the supply chain and in updating curricula. In this sense, Federmeccanica is committed, through its participation in the European project NEW METRO, which involves 7 countries, to defining a mechatronic curriculum, in terms of training contents and teaching methods, for ITS (Technical Schools) validation at European level. More generally, there is a need to promote a culture that is favourable to business, which is lacking in Italy. On the contrary, it seems that we are going in the opposite direction”.
In order to cope with this mismatch, many mechanical companies are finding other solutions and have close collaborations, especially with ITSs. A virtuous example is the “Cuccovillo” in Bari, which has been operating in the mechanical-mechatronics-domotics system sector since 2010. “We aim at dual paths – says the director of ITS Cuccovillo, Roberto Vingiani – We work with realities such as Bosch, Magneti Marelli, Natuzzi, Datalogic, Masmec, Maldarizzi, Ge Avio, Sanofi, Jindal Films, just to name a few companies. We train young people in specialist skills that start from production (CNC machine programmers, Team Leaders, Lean) and through automation (PLC, Robots, Sensors) reach the enabling technologies of Industry 4.0”.

“There is no doubt that there is a problem in schools with knowledge of the manufacturing industry and orientation – said Sabrina De Santis, who has been in charge of Education at Federmeccanica for over 20 years -. Teachers, already in middle school, must enthuse young people with the study of STEM subjects. This can make a difference: we need to drag the students and show them the “beauty” of subjects such as mathematics, technology and science”.

If you’re wondering what you can do with a diploma in mechatronics, the answer is simple: reach the edges of technological innovation, today and tomorrow.

Ah, sorry, first, you’re wondering what mechatronics is? Ok, mechatronics is a mix of different sciences, in which mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and information systems converge and leads, among other things, to working in the field of robotics.

Fascinating, isn’t it?

Here are ten things you could do with a diploma in mechatronics:

1) command the robots of a car factory;
2) work on artificial vision systems for autonomous driving cars;
3) design a greenhouse for efficient food cultivation;
4) create a sustainable solar energy storage system;
5) develop high-tech biosensors to improve apartment security systems;
6) build flying drones that can deliver mail and packages directly to the front door;
7) creates virtual reality interfaces for displaying vast amounts of data;
8) use nanotechnology to develop small robots that will help clean up environmental disasters;
9) work on smart appliances that help you with everyday needs, remembering when to go shopping or cleaning;
10) give body and shape to your every fantasy, inventing thanks to mechatronics.

Working in the field of mechatronics means being the authors of all those inventions that will improve the quality of life, present and future.


Awareness of the stakeholder community supports the results of the NEW METRO project
New Metro Stakeholder community is asked to foster the results of the project Need Analysis, in order to better outline the rising European training model NEW METRO.

The meetings will be attended by different stakeholder profile:
 KET’s trainers and experts from universities, high technical school, business academies
– General Manager, HR  Manager from enterprises with mechatronic application for advanced production systems
Experts and Researchers in mechatronic and in the new technologies applyed
– public decision-maker, committed to Education, Economic development,

The debate will focus on how to improve the European framework of competences related to the future “mechatronic technician profile”. 
Meetings will held:
-on June 19th, in Rome at Federmeccanica premise 
-on June 21st in Rezekne at RTA premise 
-on July 4th in Bruxelles at Confindustria premise

Houston Mechatronics (HMI) unveiled Aquanaut at the NASA Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory, one year after the announcement of the platform concept.

Aquanaut is a revolutionary multi-mode transforming all-electric undersea vehicle. The vehicle is capable of efficient long-distance transit and data collection in ‘AUV’ (autonomous underwater vehicle) mode.

After transforming into ‘ROV’ (remotely operated vehicle) mode the head of the vehicle pitches up, the hull separates, and two arms are activated so that Aquanaut may manipulate its environment.

Aquanaut is now undergoing an extensive validation and maturation process and will be exposed to increasingly dynamic conditions before being deployed in Q4 2019/Q1 2020.

more at Houston Mechatronics


Today 28/05/2019 from 9:30 to 16:15 will take place the information day on the Network of Artificial Intelligence:

European Network of Artificial Intelligence (Excellence Centres)

The European Commission is organising an information and brokerage event on 28 May 2019 in Brussels for the call on European Network of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Excellence Centres. The event will provide information about the objectives of the call. The event will be webstreamed to allow the best researchers and industrial actors across Europe to access all the information needed to apply at any time, from anywhere.

As not all participants can take part personally, to acommodate participants’ networking needs, Ideal-ist, the network of National Contact Points for ICT in Horizon 2020 is offering this Face2Face Virtual Agora. This agora will be available throughout the call opening period.

For more visit the link below:

  >  > > < < <

MAIN TOPIC:  Contemporary problems of logistics in scientific research
Date: 18th-19th of November 2019 (Monday-Tuesday)
Place:  Poznan School of Logistics, Estkowskiego 6, Poznan (Poland)
Main topics:
  • Digital supply chains
  • Digitalization of logistic processes
  • Transport and forwarding
  • Supply and distribution logistics
  • Production logistics
  • Logistics infrastructure
  • Costs and controlling in logistics
  • Packaging in logistic systems
  • Security of logistic processes
  • Logistics education
  The WSL FORUM conference has been held regularly since 2005.
The aim of this year’s conference is to present the results of research and exchange views and experiences concerning logistics in its broadest sense. The changes taking place in the modern world undoubtedly lead to a discussion on issues related to the logistics of companies and supply chains, digitalization, security and quality of logistics processes, etc.
The conference enables the presentation of the latest research results, the exchange of ideas, and the discussion of new ideas and concepts in such an intensively developing field of knowledge and practice as modern logistics. In addition to participants from Polish scientific institutions, the conference will be attended by scientists from foreign academic centres.
We will be honoured to have you participate in the Conference organized by us.

More information about 8th International Logistics Scientific Conference WSL FORUM 2019

The languages of the conference are Polish and English.

The NEW METRO project was officially launched on February 12th and 13th at Confindustria headquarters in Rome. It gathered all consortium Partners composed by universities and institutions, employer organizations, education policy makers and companies. Altogether the project involves 11 full Partners from 7 EU countries (Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Spain) and 7 associated Partners. The variety and the range of Partners’ expertise is crucial to develop the NEW METRO activities and to carry out the foreseen pilot phase.

After the presentation of administrative aspects of NEW METRO implementation by the project coordinator, NEW METRO Partners had the first working session on the technical side of the project such as its scope, expected outcomes and timeline. The participants also received valuable feedback from the external evaluator who assisted the Consortium in identifying the key issues and processes to be considered in the work plan.

NEW METRO project is coordinated by SFC Sistemi Formativi Confindustria as Applicant Partner and it will have a duration of 3 years.

NEW METRO: embeddiNg kEts and Work based learning into MEchaTROnic profile

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

NEW METRO officially launched first survey addressed to mechatronics key stakeholders

On mid-March, the NEW METRO project has reached an important milestone for collecting evidence about mechatronics field trends and scenarios, training needs analysis and related professional profiles.

After three months of working, NEW METRO consortium has officially launched his first survey addressed to key stakeholders in the mechatronics sector and aimed at the identification of future trends and global vision in the mechatronics sector.

The analysis of survey results will act as a starting point highlighting main common lines and trends in the mechatronics sector. The consortium will work in order to integrate possible differences among countries, a crucial phase for designing the foreseen common European framework and model.

Stay tuned for further updates!