The transition to Industry 4.0 requires a large number of ICT professionals, such as Data Scientist and Innovation Manager.
Having advanced ICT systems is fundamental for the competitiveness of Italian companies, to maintain high product quality and provide value-added services to customers, with rapid production and delivery times. Also, it is essential to work towards increasing the efficiency of the production process.
Two fundamental factors to complete the transition to industry 4.0 must be kept in mind: the presence of ICT services and skills within companies/industries and the desire to continually innovate the approach to production, services and customers.
Consequently, in addition to “classic” profiles, such as ICT technicians, which represent the basis for applying technologies to new operating and analysis methods, new profiles are making their way, requiring a series of transversal skills and, in some cases, process experiences that can be only matured over time.
Data in hand, in Italy about 50% of job offers for IT, telematics, electronic and telecommunication technicians have difficulties in being satisfied, and about 25% are even closed without obtaining applications.
The education system today is not able to produce a sufficient number of profiles for the ICT sectors to meet the needs of the Italian industry. In reality, it is also reasonable because when there is a sector transformation, there is a physiological delay due to the training course (3 or 5 years) compared to when a very marked need arises.
The Technical Institutes provide an excellent compromise to form interesting profiles with shorter times compared to an academic cycle. To date, 90 Technical Institutes are active in Italy, even if they are chosen as a post-diploma course still by a too-small number of graduates. It seems necessary to give more awareness to young people to the potential of the market for these highly specialized figures and the skills they can obtain in the Technical Institutes.